Casa Cala, designed by the Spanish architect Alberto Campo Baeza, refers to the Raumplan concept of Adolf Loos. Once again, he demonstrates the influence that the modern movement has on his architecture. Always at the height of the great masters, his works give response and evolution.
Casa Cala is located on a sloping piece of land in the Spanish capital, with the horizon west of Madrid. With this condition, the strategy is based on the programmatic organization from a vertical axis. Where the public spaces are positioned at the top, allowing you to frame the surrounding landscape enjoying its beautiful view.
In terms of spatial dimensions, the regulations require a square plant of 12 x 12 meters, which in turn will be divided into four squares of 6 x 6 meters. Through a spiral movement, these planes will rise, generating spaces in double height. This displacement allows the sequence of different spaces, achieving a continuous and transparent space. This idea of three-dimensional compaction, where the volumes take different heights, allows the optimization of internal spatial relations. In the early twentieth century, Adolf Loos based his work on these concepts to define Raumplan. This also explains that each use has a different property and hierarchy, so each will receive a different spatiality and dimension.
Casa Cala proposes the unification of spaces in double height in the form of a spiral, where the idea of 2 + 2 + 2, yielding a much more interesting result than 6.
Finally, another design operation originated in the modern movement that we can find in Casa Cala. The creation of a large frame at the top allows framing of the landscape that surrounds the building. This detail refers to the ones designed by Le Corbusier in some of his works, such as Villa Savoye or Casa Curutchet.
Photograph by Javier Callejas.