Contrasting against the clear blue skies of Madrid’s northwestern region of Aravaca, is Alberto Campo Baeza’s Raumplan House. Located along a sloping plot, the house overlooks views of the western Spanish mountain ranges, as seen from Camarines.
During the design process of Raumplan House, the architects aimed to develop the angularity of the architecture form. The layout is adhered to regulations that required them to work with: a square plan of 12 m x 12 m which they then divided into four 6 m x 6 m square volumes. Working from this layout, the ground plans were raised with a simple helicoidal movement.
As a result of this design, this allowed the integration of double-heighted spaces that were seemingly intersecting one another. The adaption of this spatial layout forms what is known as the ‘raumplan’, where two double height spaces become linked by a simple vertical displacement, forming a diagonal space.
As one makes their way up the spaces of the Raumplan House, there is a 90 degree turn which connects with another two spaces, and this continues as one goes up a further 90 degree turn. This smart spatial structure creates the concatenation of three spiraling diagonal spaces, that mimic the form of a corkscrew.
The Raumplan House takes advantage of its spatial layout and creates a tranquil and spacious abode for its inhabitants
This smart spatial layout is coupled with the clean and stark interior and exterior of the Raumplan House. There are several large opening along the façade which brings in an ample amount of natural lighting into the large and spacious rooms of the Raumplan House. Furthermore, the communal spaces are laid across the upper levels and they lead onto the rooftops which are scattered with jasmine plants and vines.