Madrid, capital of Spain since 1561, is a city that counts with more than three million of habitants. The first historical data of the city dates back to the 9th century under the mandate of the emir Mohamed I. Throughout these centuries new neighbourhoods have been created with buildings that tell the history of the city. Architectural styles from the medieval period to the present going through baroque, modernist or the known that took place during the reign of the Austrians. It can be said of Madrid that it is a city in constant change, recreation and in which coexist, increasingly, different cultures. The people who are part of the city want to create their own history in it, installing more and more in the centre than in the outlying districts, as before.
It is in this last part where the topic we are going to discuss appears. The rehabilitations that have been carried out in existing buildings to adapt to the old houses the necessities of the present life. That is why we bring you 10 cases with which to exemplify this concept of new architecture.
We started moving to Alcalá. It is there where the complete restoration of an apartment of the year 1900 takes place. The project was carried out by two studies – the Swiss studio Wespi by Meuro Romeo Architects and by another from Madrid, Abaton. The last reform that had taken place dates back to the 1940’s, for this reason it was in an almost forgotten state. Customers wanted a space in which to relax from their busy city life. The rehabilitation is in charge of this, two plants where distribute the program and create a project that combines modernity and tradition. It has maintained the old divisions, but changing the siding and creating a play of light, colour (ceiling, walls and floor are white) and chestnut furniture, which unifies the whole apartment.
Chamberí is now a luckier neighbourhood. Light has entered at number 20 of Viriato and has eclipsed one of their houses. This project carried out by CUAC architects is a breath of fresh air for the residents. The study found an apartment of the 50’s that had more that sufficient square meters they could use. The clients gave free rein to the architects to create a new space. These decided to empty the space and create from scratch, except for the metallic structure that was there. The program was organized in two zones, with the service stays furthest from the points of light. The most habitable part of the home can be said to revolve around a large lamp that itself is a room. Viriato 20 is a rehabilitation that does not go unnoticed.
It could not be anywhere else, Casa H71 is located in the Barrio de las Letras of Madrid almost bordering Paseo del Prado. Lucas and Hernández-Gil architects were in charge of creating this space, and I say space and not house because it is a miscellany of activities that can be carried out there. Casa H71 is a house and an art gallery, a contemplative space in which to enjoy the art. It is for this reason that the design starts from the just and necessary. What should draw attention is art, not furniture, colours or materials. It is then configured as a simple work, in which spaces are multipurpose and the focus of attention is always art.
The rehabilitation of this house in the historic centre of Avilés was carried out by David Olmos Arquitectos. The program that constituted this reform was carried out successfully thanks to the idea that it revolved around a “central box”. This articulating space allows you to link spaces and even make the corridor disappear. In addition, the wood cladding creates a space of identity itself with respect to the rest of the house that is practically white.
This reform is born under an industrial environment. The reason? The client of this apartment is the sister of the architect, Manuel Ocaña, and was pretty sure of what she wanted: wood, hydraulic tiles, the right atmosphere and winks to his favourite artist, Beyoncé. Due to the size of the apartment, only 50m2, light, transparency and create visual amplitude was crucial for living in this house was a dream for his sister.
The next rehabilitation is about a commercial place. This is settled in the
ground-floor space of a street in the centre of Madrid. This location was an important point to take into account for G-ARCHITECTURE studio to develop this project. Why was the location of the store so important to them? The studio wanted to blur the outside space of the store with the exterior of the street. Integrating, thus, the own pedestrian route in the store. Jonndo is understood as a covered extension of the street where the changing rooms, exhibitors, banks, etc. are appearing.
Wood snake is the name that received the reform project of an old apartment in the neighbourhood of El Retiro, in Madrid. It was carried out by the local architecture studio Arenas Basabe Palacios under the premise that “a very compartmentalized dwelling seems even smaller”. So they wanted to demonstrate the opposite. They emptied the apartment and covered the outline of the apartment with a continuous wardrobe, a total of 20 meters. This allows to win space and flexibility in the house and create spaces larger, brighter and more flexible.
The renovation carried out at Bathyard Home is based on an old apartment dating back to 1900 in Madrid. What could be left of the old apartment was a little. Husos Architects played with spaces, forms, materials, furniture and colours to create this house full of life and personality. The role of the rooms has also been changed, making the star to the bathroom. In addition, the light has been increased through a new concept of interior-exterior room and thus has been able to leave the darkness in which the previous apartment was immersed.
Vertical growth is the solution for a space as unusual as this one. Just 20 m2 that manages to increase its space in height conforming a total of 100m3. In order to take advantage of all the spaces, the Mycc architecture studio created the following solution. A one-person home that grows on platforms vertically, as if it were a video game. To increase the feeling of space, all facings are made in white, giving to the house colour only through the furniture.
Yolanda has a house in the north of Madrid that does not stand out for having many interior square meters, although the exterior is a huge garden. When she thought about remodelling the house she was put in contact with the study of architecture PKMN [Pacman]. What did she want to achieve? A transformable house in which to store all her belongings. That’s how All I own House is born. It is shaped through a space divided into modules that move through rails, creating different areas for each occasion.