Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology by Sol89

The Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology is located in one of the lots of the 1992 Universal Exhibition, in Seville. It is the result of a competition called by a society of medical companies, won by the studio Sol 89 with Francisco González and Salvador Méndez. The place is saturated with tertiary buildings, with high-flown singularities, inheritance of the pavilions of the exhibition. In contrast, the projected building seeks calm, being a silent presence.


The program of the Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology resolves a series of medical specialties proportional to the capital invested in each one of them. From this proportionality a section is presented as a bar diagram. In this way, the section of the building is configured through three concatenated voids. Around them, a large space orders the circulations and activities of the center.


The result is a building with more than 6000m2, a compact volume, rough and opaque to the outside, but that is excavated in its interior. The ground floor of the Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology is liberated in great part of its surface, creating a large atrium like place of entrance.


At the Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology, architecture becomes what is in between, between the built


Vacuum and porosity are used as main working tools. The emptying is formalized by the superposition of plant variations. Each of them has the same porosity but distributed differently, generating patios, terraces and voids. The circulations within the Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology, run parallel at the ends, to one side the patients and the other the health staff. In this way only the encounter between doctor and patient, occurs in the trays that make up the specialties and that float in the void.


The external materiality of the Andalusian Institute of Biotechnology is in contrast with the interior. On the outside, a rough aspect, of concrete seen in gray and bordered panels in earthy tones. The interior however, still keeping the color palette gray and brown, the large entries of light and the use of glass and its reflections, gives an almost ethereal character to the space.




Photographs by Jesús Granada.